nouns: · a-stems · va-stems · ja-stems · ia-stems · ô-stems · vô-stems · jô-stems · iô-stems · i-stems · u-stems · an-stems · ôn-stems · în-stems · nd-stems · root nouns · r-stems ·
An-stems are either masculine or neutral. The masculine ones are very common, but there are only a handful neutral an-stems. The masculine ones are inflected like this:
** -na is found only in poetry (where the /n/ can be found in all plural forms of some words (i.a. gumnar))
The neutral an-stems only differ in the nominative and accusative. They both end with -a in the singular and -u in the plural.
The an-stems have their origin in proto-indo-european n-stems. The endings in the singular all disappeared, and eventually also the /n/ of the suffix. The old plur. nom. ending is -a, but usually the a-stem ending -ar is used.
The /a/ that occurs in most endings can cause a-umlaut of /u/.
The endings: sing: nom: -ê[?] < -ê < -ên ; gen: ; dat: ; acc: -an < -anun < -onm
plur: nom: =a-stem or -an < -aniz < -ones ; gen: =a-stem or -anô < -anôn < -onôm ; dat: -umR < -omiz < -onmes ; acc: -an < proto-germanic -ans < -anuns < i-e. -onns
For the neutral an-stems: sing: nom/acc: -an < -anun < -onm
© Peter Pettersson